Norway has for several times been ranked by the United Nations as the number one country in the world to live in. The ranking is based on the quality of health, wealth and social outlook.

Approximately 5.2 million people live in Norway, or about 14 people per square kilometer, making it one of the most scantily populated areas in the world. Oslo, the capital, is in the southern part of the country and has a population of 600,000. Almost everyone in the country is of Norwegian descent; the Lapps, or Sami, are a minority of some 20,000 people residing exclusively in the north.